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Introduction

  • Valentin G. Dmitriev
  • Gagik G. Gurzadyan
  • David N. Nikogosyan
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 64)

Abstract

In 1960, Maiman (USA) created the first source of coherent optical radiation, namely, a ruby laser emitting in the red spectral region (λ = 0.6943 μm) [1.1]. Several years later a great family of lasers was already in existence. The following types were known:
  1. 1)

    solid-state lasers, e.g., Nd:CaWO4 laser emitting at 1.065 μm [1.2], neodymium glass laser (λ = 1.06 μm) [1.3], Nd:YAG laser (λ = 1.064 gm) [1.4]

     
  2. 2)

    gas lasers, e.g., He-Ne laser (λ = 0.6328, 1.1523, 3.3913 μm) [1.5], argon ion laser (λ = 0.4880, 0.5145 μm) [1.6], CO2 laser (λ = 9.6, 10.6 μm) [1.7];

     
  3. 3)

    dye lasers [1.8,9]

     
  4. 4)

    semiconductor lasers [1.10–12];

     
and so on. The wavelengths of the above mentioned lasers were either fixed or tunable over a small range. It was a matter of practical importance to widen the range of wavelengths generated by laser sources.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentin G. Dmitriev
    • 1
  • Gagik G. Gurzadyan
    • 2
  • David N. Nikogosyan
    • 3
  1. 1.R&D Institute “Polyus”MoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Academy of Sciences of ArmeniaYerevanArmenia
  3. 3.Institute of Nonlinear ScienceUniversity College CorkCorkIreland

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