Parametric Nonlinear Optical Techniques in Microscopy

  • M. Müller
  • G. J. Brakenhoff
Part of the Springer Series in Optical Sciences book series (SSOS, volume 87)


A small revolution is taking place in microscopy. Nonlinear optical spectroscopic techniques — which in bulk applications have been around almost since the invention of the laser in the sixties — are rapidly being incorporated within high resolution microscopy. Starting with the successful introduction of two-photon absorption microscopy in 1990 [1], which has found important applications in biology, a whole series of other nonlinear optical techniques have been introduced: Three-photon absorption, Second Harmonic Generation (SHG), Third Harmonic Generation (THG), Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS), the optical Kerr effect,...


Second Harmonic Generation Nonlinear Susceptibility Third Harmonic Generation Second Harmonic Generation Signal High Resolution Microscopy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Müller
  • G. J. Brakenhoff

There are no affiliations available

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