Skip to main content

A Classification Framework for Approaches to Achieving Semantic Interoperability between GI Web Services

  • Conference paper

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS,volume 2825)

Abstract

The discovery of services that are appropriate for answering a given question is a crucial task in the open and distributed environment of web services for geographic information. In order to find these services the concepts underlying their implementation have to be matched against the requirements resulting from the question. It is in this matchmaking process where semantic heterogeneity has to be tackled. Whether semantic interoperability can be achieved depends on the quality of the information available to the matchmaker on the semantics of requirements and resources. The explicitness, structuring and formality of this information can differ considerably leading to different types of matchmaking. In this paper a framework is presented for classifying the approaches that are currently employed or proposed for achieving semantic interoperability according to these criteria. The application of the framework is illustrated by analyzing possible solutions to three examples of semantic interoperability problems.

Keywords

  • Residential Area
  • Service Composition
  • Service Discovery
  • Domain Ontology
  • Classification Framework

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-39923-0_13
  • Chapter length: 18 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   99.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-540-39923-0
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   129.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abel, D.J., Gaede, V.J., Taylor, K.L., Zhou, X.: SMART: Towards Spatial Internet Marketplaces. Geoinformatica 3, 141–164 (1999)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Groot, R., McLaughin, J.: Geospatial data infrastructure – Concepts, cases, and good practice. Oxford University Press, Oxford (2000)

    Google Scholar 

  3. OGC: OpenGIS Web Services Architecture. OpenGIS Consortium, OpenGIS Discussion Paper OGC 03-025 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  4. ISO/TC-211, O.G.C.: Geogaphic information – Services (ISO/DIS 19119) v4.3. International Organization for Standardization & OpenGIS Consortium (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Egenhofer, M.: Toward the Semantic Geospatial Web. In: Proc. The 10th ACM International Symposium on Advances in Geographic Information Systems (ACM-GIS) (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  6. OASIS: OASIS/ebXML Registry Services Specification v2.5. OASIS/ebXML Registry Technical Committee (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  7. Bellwood, T., Clément, L., Ehnebuske, D., Hately, A., Hondo, M., Husband, Y.L., Januszewski, K., Lee, S., McKee, B., Munter, J., von Riegen, C.: UDDI v 3.0 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Chinnici, R., Gudgin, M., Moreau, J.-J., Weerawarana, S.: Web Services Description Language (WSDL) v1.2 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  9. Reed, C., Nebert, D.: The Importance of Catalogs to the Spatial Web. An OGC White Paper (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  10. OGC: OWS1.2 UDDI Experiment. OpenGIS Consortium, OGC 03-028 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  11. Constantinescu, I., Faltings, B.: Efficient Matchmaking and Directory Services. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Techn. Report IC/2002/77, Lausanne, Switzerland (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  12. Paolucci, M., Kawamura, T., Payne, T.R., Sycara, K.: Semantic Matching of Web Service Capabilities. In: Horrocks, I., Hendler, J. (eds.) ISWC 2002. LNCS, vol. 2342, pp. 333–347. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  13. Sycara, K., Widoff, S., Klusch, M., Lu, J.: Larks: Dynamic Matchmaking Among Heterogeneous Software Agents in Cyberspace. In: Proc. 1st International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, pp. 173–203 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  14. Bishr, Y.: Overcoming the semantic and other barriers to GIS interoperability. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 12, 299–314 (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  15. AdV-Arbeitsgruppe ATKIS: ATKIS-Objektartenkatalog Basis-DLM (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  16. Furuti, C. A. Useful Map Properties.[Online]. Available: http://www.progonos.com/furuti/MapProj/Normal/CartProp/

  17. Visser, U., Stuckenschmidt, H.: Interoperability in GIS - Enabling Technologies. In: Proc. 5th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science, pp. 291–297 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  18. Kuhn, W., Raubal, M.: Implementing Semantic Reference Systems. In: Proc. 6th AGILE Conference on Geographic Information Science (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  19. Sycara, K., Klusch, M., Widoff, S., Lu, J.: Dynamic Service Matchmaking Among Agents in Open Information Environments. ACM SIGMOD Record 28, 47–53 (1999)

    Google Scholar 

  20. Uschold, M.: Knowledge level modelling: concepts and terminology. The Knowledge Engineering Review 13, 5–29 (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  21. Gruber, T.R.: Toward Principles for the Design of Ontologies Used for Knowledge Sharing. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 43, 907–928 (1995)

    Google Scholar 

  22. Uschold, M., Gruninger, M.: Ontologies: Principles, Methods and Applications. The Knowledge Engineering Review 11, 93–136 (1996)

    Google Scholar 

  23. ISO/TC-211: Geogaphic information – Metadata (ISO/FDIS 19115). International Organization for Standardization (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  24. Guarino, N.: Formal Ontology and Information Systems. In: Proc. Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS 1998), pp. 3–15 (1998)

    Google Scholar 

  25. Guarino, N.: Semantic Matching: Formal Ontological Distinctions for Information Organization, Extraction, and Integration. In: Proc. Information Extraction: A Multidisciplinary Approach to an Emerging Information Technology, International Summer School (SCIE 1997), pp. 139–170 (1997)

    Google Scholar 

  26. de La Beaujardière, J.: Web Map Service Implementation Specification. Open GIS Consortium, p. 82 (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  27. ISO/TC-211: Geogaphic information – Spatial Schema (ISO/DIS 19107). International Organization for Standardization (2002)

    Google Scholar 

  28. ISO/TC-211: Text for FDIS 19111 Geogaphic information - Spatial Referencing by Coordinates. Final Draft Version. International Organization for Standardization (2002)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2003 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this paper

Cite this paper

Lutz, M., Riedemann, C., Probst, F. (2003). A Classification Framework for Approaches to Achieving Semantic Interoperability between GI Web Services. In: Kuhn, W., Worboys, M.F., Timpf, S. (eds) Spatial Information Theory. Foundations of Geographic Information Science. COSIT 2003. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 2825. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-39923-0_13

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-39923-0_13

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-20148-9

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-39923-0

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive