Modelling and Optimization of Bone-Cutting Forces in Orthopaedic Surgery

  • Christopher Plaskos
  • Antony J. Hodgson
  • Philippe Cinquin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2878)


Orthogonal cutting data is extremely useful since the measured force relationships can be used to model almost any machining process. However, previous orthogonal cutting investigations in bone have not tested conditions representative of clinical operations (i.e. very high tool speeds and small depths of cut, as in high-speed milling). In this paper, we aim to build a cutting force model that will be applied to the design, modeling, and optimization of a new robot-assisted high-speed milling system. Experimental results are presented for the cutting force components and the specific cutting energy of bovine cortical bone as a function of cutting tool geometry, depth of cut, and relative orientation between the cutting edge and bone structure. The cutting force magnitudes and trends prove to be considerably different from those previously reported in low-speed experiments, confirming the strong dependence of machining forces on cutting speed.


Rake Angle Orthogonal Cutting Uncut Chip Thickness Orthogonal Machine Specific Cutting Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Jacobs, C.H., Pope, M.H., Berry, J.T., Hoaglund, F.: A study of the bone machining process – Orthogonal cutting. J. Biomechanics 7, 131–136 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wiggins, K.L., Malkin, S.: Orthogonal machining of bone. J. Biomech. Eng. 100, 122–130 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oxley, P.L.B.: Mechanics of machining: an analytical approach to assessing machinability. Ellis Horwood Ltd, Chichester (1989)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jacobs, C.H., Pope, M.H., Berry, J.T., Hoaglund, F.: A study of the bone machining process – Drilling. J. Biomechanics 9, 343–349 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wiggins, K.L., Malkin, S.: Drilling of Bone. J. Biomechanics 9, 553–559 (1976)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Krause, W.: Orthogonal Bone Cutting: Saw design and Operating Characteristics. J. Biomech. Eng. 109, 263–271 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Budak, E., Altintas, Y.: Prediction of milling force coefficients from orthogonal cutting data. Manufacturing Science and Engineering 64, 453–460 (1993)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Plaskos
    • 1
    • 2
  • Antony J. Hodgson
    • 2
  • Philippe Cinquin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire TIMC-IMAG, Groupe GMCAO, Faculté de Médecine de GrenobleJoseph Fourier UniversityLa TroncheFrance
  2. 2.Neuromotor Control Laboratory, Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations