Highly Accurate CAD Tools for Cranial Implants
Prefabricated patient-specific cranial implants are especially useful for large cranial defects. We present CAD tools for large cranial implants that include validation of fit prior to rapid prototype fabrication. Our CAD process first determines whether the prototype implant surface intersects adjacent soft-tissue structures via collision detection. If so, we measure the volume of both the intersected dura and unoccupied area under the implant. These data are used to determine whether the prototype implant requires modification. If modification is necessary, we deform the prototype implant surface via a thin plate spline warp. Second, we interactively create and verify the implant taper surface that connects the external and internal implant surfaces. The taper surface seats the implant onto the patient’s cranial defect site. The taper and patient’s skull surfaces may contact but must not intersect one another. Results from tests on five patient data sets show our CAD and validation methods result in implant designs which are an improvement over, and not feasible by, current manual implant preparation methods.
KeywordsDura Mater Collision Detection Cranial Defect Collision Detection Algorithm Cranial Implant
- 6.Dean, D., Min, K.J., Bond, A.: Computer Aided Design of Pre-Fabricated Cranial Plates, J. Craniofac. Surg. (2003) (in press)Google Scholar
- 7.Min, K.J.: Computer Aided Design of Cranial Implants Using Deformable Templates, Ph.D. Thesis, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland Ohio (2003)Google Scholar
- 9.Gottschalk, S., Lin, M.C., Manocha, D.: OBB-Tree: A hierarchical structure for rapid interference detection. In: ACM SIGGRAPH 1996 Conference Proceedings, ACM SIGGRAPH. Annual Conference Series, pp. 171–180. Addison Wesley, New Orleans (1996)Google Scholar