Advertisement

Postural Coordination Dynamics in Standing Humans

  • Benoît G. Bardy
Part of the Understanding Complex Systems book series (UCS)

Abstract

Human stance requires the coordination of multiple joints. This article examines the dynamics of postural coordination modes involving the torso and legs in the control of stance and stance-related activities. Based on data obtained in various experiments using the same postural tracking task, we provide evidence that postural modes (i) emerge out of the coalescence of multiple constraints, (ii) exhibit persistence and changes that are characteristic of self-organized systems, (iii) are modulated by the actor’s intention, and (iv) can be learned by modifying the intrinsic dynamics of the postural system. Similarities between postural phase transitions in humans or non-biological phenomena suggest the existence of general and common principles governing pattern formation and flexibility in complex systems, and circumscribe the generality of neurophysiologically-based theories of postural behavior.

Keywords

Postural Coordination Coordination Dynamics Interlimb Coordination Target Amplitude Critical Fluctuation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allum JH, Honegger F, Schicks H (1993) Vestibular and proprioceptive modulation of postural synergies in normal subjects. J Vestib Res 3, 59–85Google Scholar
  2. Arutyunyan RH, Gurfinkel VS, Pirskii ML (1968) Investigation of aiming at a target. Biophysics 13, 536–538Google Scholar
  3. Bardy BG, Marin L (1997) Pour une approche fonctionnelle des coordinations posturales [For a functional approach to postural coordination]. In: Lacour M (ed.) Posture et equilibre: Pathologies, vieillissement, stratégies, modélisation. Sauramps Medical, Montpellier, 139–154Google Scholar
  4. Bardy BG, Faugloire E, Stoffregen, TA (2003) The dynamics of learning new postural patterns. Article submittedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bardy BG, Marin L, Stoffregen TA, Bootsma RJ (1999). Postural coordination modes considered as emergent phenomena. J Exp Psychol Human 25, 1284–1301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bardy BG, Oullier O, Bootsma RJ, Stoffregen, TA (2002) The dynamics of human postural transitions. J Exp Psychol Human 28, 499–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beek PJ, Peper CE, Stegeman DF (1995) Dynamical models of movement coordination. Hum Movement Sci 14, 573–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bernstein N (1967) The co-ordination and regulation of movement. Pergamon Press, Elmsford, NYGoogle Scholar
  9. Buchanan JJ, Horak FB (1999) Emergence of postural patterns as a function of vision and translation frequency. J Neurophysiol 81, 2325–2339Google Scholar
  10. Buchanan JJ, Kelso JAS, DeGuzman GC (1997) Self-organization of trajectory formation, I. Experimental evidence. Biol Cybern 76, 257–273Google Scholar
  11. Carson RG, Goodman D, Kelso JAS, Elliott D (1995) Phase transitions and critical fluctuations in rhythmic coordination of ipsilateral hand and foot. J Motor Behav 27, 211224Google Scholar
  12. Corna S, Tarantola J, Nardone A, Giordano A, Schieppati M (1999) Standing on a continuously moving platform: is body intertia counteracted or exploited? Exp Brain Res 124, 331–341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Diedrich FJ, Warren WH (1995) Why change gaits? Dynamics of the walk-run transition. J Exp Psychol Human 21, 183–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dijkstra TMH, Gielen, CCAM, Melis BJM (1992) Postural responses to stationary and moving scenes as a function of distance to the scene. Hum Movement Sci 11, 195–203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dijkstra TMH, Schöner G, Gielen, CCAM (1994) Temporal stability of the action-perception cycle for postural control in a moving visual environment. Exp Brain Res 97, 477–486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Ehrlacher C, Bardy BG, Faugloire E, Stoffregen TA (2003) Sports expertise influences learning of postural coordination. In: Rogers S, Effken J (eds.) Studies in perception and action VII. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, in pressGoogle Scholar
  17. Faugloire E, Stoffregen TA (2003) The dynamics of learning a new posture. In: Rogers S, Effken J (eds.) Studies in perception and action VII. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, in pressGoogle Scholar
  18. Fitzpatrick RC, Taylor JL, McCloskey DI (1992) Ankle stiffness of standing humans in response to imperceptible perturbation, reflex and task-dependent components. J Physiol 454, 533–547Google Scholar
  19. Fontaine RJ, Lee TD, Swinnen SP (1997) Learning a new bimanual coordination pattern, reciprocal influences of intrinsic and to-be-learned patterns. Can J Exp Psychol 51, 1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fourcade P, Bardy BG, Bonnet C (2003) Modelling human postural transitions. In: Rogers S, Effken J (eds.) Studies in perception and action VII. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, in pressGoogle Scholar
  21. Haken H, Kelso JAS, Bunz H (1985) A theoretical model of phase transitions in human hand movements. Biol Cybern 51, 347–356MathSciNetzbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Horak FB, Nashner LM (1986) Central programming of postural movements, adaptation to altered support-surface configuration. J Neurophysiol 55, 1369–1381Google Scholar
  23. Horak FB, Nashner LM, Diener H C (1990) Postural strategies associated with somatosensory and vestibular loss. Exp Brain Res 82, 167–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jeka JJ, Schöner G, Dijkstra TMH, Ribeiro P, Lackner JR (1997) Coupling of fingertip somatosensory information to head and body sway. Exp Brain Res 113, 475–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kelso JAS (1984) Phase transitions and critical behavior in human bimanual coordination. Am J Physiol-Reg I 15, 1000–1005Google Scholar
  26. Kelso JAS, Buchanan JJ, Wallace SA (1991) Order parameters for the neural organization of single, multijoint limb movement patterns. Exp Brain Res 85, 432–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lee TD (2003) Intention in bimanual coordination performance and learning. This volume Lee DN, Lishman R (1975) Visual proprioceptive control of stance. J Hum Movement Stud 1, 87–95Google Scholar
  28. Lestienne F, Soechting J, Berthoz A (1977) Postural readjustments induced by linear motion of visual scenes. Exp Brain Res 28, 363–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Marin L, Bardy BG, Bootsma RJ (1999) Level of gymnastic skill as an intrinsic constraint on postural coordination. J Sport Sci 17, 615–626CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Marin L, Bardy BG, Baumberger B, Flückiger M, Stoffregen TA (1999) Interaction between task demands and surface properties in the control of goal-oriented stance. Hum Movement Sci 18, 31–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. McCollum G, Leen TK (1989) Form and exploration of mechanical stability limits in erect stance. J Motor Behav 21, 225–244Google Scholar
  32. McDonald PV, van Emmerik REA, Newell KM (1989) The effects of practice on limb kinematics in a throwing task. J Motor Behav 21, 245–264Google Scholar
  33. Nashner LM, McCollum G (1985) The organization of postural movements, A formal basis and experimental synthesis. Behav Brain Sci 26, 135–172Google Scholar
  34. Nashner LM, Shupert CL, Horak FB, Black FO (1989) Organization of posture control, A analysis of sensory and mechanical constraints. Prog Brain Res 80, 411–418Google Scholar
  35. Newell KM (1985) Coordination, control and skill. In: Goodman D, Wilberg RB, Franks IM (eds.) Differing perspectives in motor learning, memory, and control. North-Holland, Amsterdam, 295–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Newell, KM (1996) Change in movement and skill, learning, retention, and transfer. In: Latash M, Turvey MT (eds.) Dexterity and its development. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, 63–84Google Scholar
  37. Newell KM, Vaillancourt DE (2001) Dimensional change in motor learning. Hum Movement Sci 20 695–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Oullier O, Bardy BG, Stoffregen TA, Bootsma RJ (2002) Postural coordination in looking and tracking tasks. Hum Movement Sci 21, 147–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pal Y-C, Patton J (1997) Center of mass velocity-position predictions for balance control. J Biomech 30, 347–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Riccio GE, Stoffregen TA (1988) Affordances as constraints on the control of stance. Hum Movement Sci 7, 265–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 120.
    Benoît G. BardyGoogle Scholar
  42. Rosenbaum DA (1998) Is dynamical systems modeling just curve fitting? Motor Control 2, 101–104Google Scholar
  43. Saltzman EL, Kelso JAS (1985) Synergies, stabilities, instabilities and modes. Behav Brain Sci 8, 161–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schmidt RC, Carello C, Turvey MT (1990) Phase transitions and critical fluctuations in the visual coordination of rhythmic movements between people. J Exp Psycho! Human 16, 227–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Schmidt RC, Shaw BK, Turvey MT (1993) Coupling dynamics in interlimb coordination. J Exp Psycho! Human 19, 397–415CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schöner G (1989) Learning and recall in a dynamic theory of coordination patterns. Biol Cybern 62, 39–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Schöner G (1991) Dynamic theory of action-perception patterns, The “moving room” paradigm. Biol Cybern 64, 455–462zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Schöner G, Haken H, Kelso JAS (1986) A stochastic theory of phase transitions in human hand movement. Biol Cybern 53, 247–257zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Schöner G, Zanone PG, Kelso JAS (1992) Learning as change of coordination dynamics. Theory and experiment. J Motor Behav 24, 29–48Google Scholar
  50. Sternad D, Turvey MT, Schmidt RC (1992) Average phase difference theory and 1:1 phase entrainment in interlimb coordination. Biol Cybern 67, 223–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Stoffregen TA, Pagulayan RJ, Bardy BG, Hettinger U (2000) Modulating postural control to facilitate visual performance. Hum Movement Sci 19, 209–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Stoffregen TA, Riccio GE (1988) An ecological theory of orientation and the vestibular system. Psycho! Rev 95, 3–14Google Scholar
  53. Stoffregen TA, Smart U, Bardy BG, Pagulayan RJ (1999) Postural stabilization of looking. J Exp Psycho! Human 25, 1641–1658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Van Asten WNJC, Gielen CCAM, Denier van der Gon JJ (1988) Postural adjustments induced by simulated motion of differently structured environments. Exp Brain Res 73, 371–383Google Scholar
  55. Vereijken B, van Emmerik REA, Whiting HTA, Newell KM (1992). Free(z)ing degrees of freedom in skill acquisition. J Motor Behav 24, 133–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Verschueren SM, Swinnen SP, Dom R, De Weerdt W (1997) Interlimb coordination in patients with Parkinson’s disease, motor learning deficits and the importance of augmented information feedback. Exp Brain Res 113, 497–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Wenderoth N, Bock 0 (2001) Learning of a new bimanual coordination pattern is governed by three distinct processes. Motor Control 5, 23–35Google Scholar
  58. Woollacott MH, Jensen JL (1996) Posture and locomotion. In: Heuer H, Keele S (eds) Handbook of perception and action; Vol. 2, Motor Skills. Academic Press, London, 333403Google Scholar
  59. Yoneda S, Tokumasu K (1986) Frequency analysis of body sway in the upright posture. Acta Oto-laryngol 102, 87–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Zanone PG, Kelso JAS (1992) Evolution of behavioral attractors with learning, Nonequilibrium phase transitions. J Exp Psychol Human 18, 403–421Google Scholar
  61. Zanone PG, Kelso JAS (1997) Coordination dynamics of learning and transfer, Collective and component levels. J Exp Psychol Human 23, 1454–1480Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benoît G. Bardy
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center in Sport SciencesUniversity of Paris Sud XIOrsayFrance

Personalised recommendations