Milestones of Computed Tomography


Conventional X-ray imaging suffers fromthe severe drawback that it only produces two-dimensional projections of a three-dimensional object. This results in a reduction in spatial information (although an experienced radiologist might be able to compensate for this). In any case, a projection represents an averaging. The result of the averaging can be imagined if one were to overlay several radiographic sections at the light box for diagnosis. It would be difficult for even an expert to interpret the results, as averaging comes along with a considerable reduction in contrast, compared with the contrast present in one slice.


Attenuation Iodide Radon Fluorine Lution 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

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