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Carbon Dioxide: A Biogeochemical Portrait

Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 1 / 1C)

Abstract

Carbon dioxide, chemical formula CO2, is a colorless and tasteless gas about 1.5 times as heavy as air. Its specific volume at atmospheric pressure (101, 325 N m-2) and room temperature (21 °C) is 0.546 m3 kg-1. Under natural atmospheric conditions it is a stable, inert, and nontoxic gas. When subjected to higher pressure and temperature, the gas can be liquefied and solidified. For instance at 21 °C and 838 psig (= pounds per square inch gage), CO2 becomes a liquid. Further cooling will result in the formation of dry ice snow, which at atmospheric pressure has a sublimation temperature of — 78 °C.

Keywords

Carbonic Anhydrase Carbon Cycle Oceanic Crust Global Carbon Cycle Solar Nebula 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SCOPE/UNEP International Carbon CenterUniversität HamburgHamburg 13Federal Republic of Germany

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