Advertisement

Chlorinated Paraffins

Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 3 / 3A)

Abstract

Chlorinated paraffins discussed in this chapter are compounds obtained by chlorination of C10–C30 paraffins to a chlorine content between 10 and 70%. The most frequent types of chlorinated paraffins are based on C12, C15, and C24 feedstocks and are chlorinated to 40–70% chlorine. Depending on the chlorine content, chlorinated paraffins range from mobile through highly viscous liquids to solids.

Keywords

Organochlorine Pesticide Chlorine Content Aluminum Hydride Infrared Spectrophotometry Solvent Partitioning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Baldwin, M.K., Bennett, D.: Analysis of Biological Samples for Chlorinated Straight-Chain Paraffins. Group Research Report TLGR.0058.74. Tunstall Laboratory 1974Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ballistreri, A., Foti, S., Montaudo, G., Pappalardo, S., Scamporrino, E.: Thermal Decomposition Products from Mixtures of Chlorinated Paraffin with Sb203 and (BiO)2CO3. Chem. Ind (Milan), 60, 501 (1978)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bellorin, C., Sosa, J. M.: J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 22, 851 (1978)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bengtsson, B.-E., Svanberg, O., Lindén, E., Lunde, G., Bauman Ofstad, E.: Ambio 8, 121 (1979)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Borror, J.A.: Personal Communication, Diamond Shamrock Organics Research and Development, Electro Chemicals Division, 1979Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bratolyubov, A.S.: Chem. Revs. (Russian) 30, 602 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Caesar, H.J.: Chem. Ind. (London) 1978, 615Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Camino, G.C.O., Costa, L., Guaita, M.: J. Calorim. Anal. Therm. [Prepr.] 9A, B8, 59 (1978)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Frensdorf, H.K., Ekiner, O.: J. Polym. Sci. 42, 1157 (1967)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Friedman, D., Lombardo, P.: J. Assoc, Offic. Anal. Chem. 58, 703 (1975)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Howard, P.H., Santodonato, J., Saxena, J.: Investigation of Selected Potential Environmental Contaminants: Chlorinated Paraffins. EPA–560/2–75–007, Office of Toxic Substances, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C. 20460, 1975Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ikeda, K.: Chem. Economy Engng. Rev. 9, 31 (1977)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Koennecke, H.G., Hahn, P.: J. prakt. Chem. 16, 37 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lahaniatis, E.S., Parlar, H., Klein, W., Korte, F.: Chemosphere 1975, 83Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lindén, E., Svanberg, O.: Chlorinated Paraffins in the Environment. A Literature Survey, Statens Naturvârdsverk, SNV PM 1035, NBL Rapp. 62, Nyköping 1978Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lombardo, P., Dennison, J.L., Johnson, W.W.: J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem. 58, 707 (1975)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Migliori, F.: The Application of Gel Permeation Chromatography to the Analysis of Binders in Paints Used for Road Marking. Rapp. Rech. LPC No. 77, Min. L’Equip. L’Amenag. Territoire, Laboratoire Central Des Ponts et Chaussees, Paris 1978Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mills, J.F.D.: Personal Communication, ICI Mond Division (1979)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Panzel, H., Ballschmitter, K.: Fresenius Z. Anal. Chem. 271, 182 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Saito, T., Matsumura, Y.: Polymer J. 4, 124 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sosa, J.M.: J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Edit. 13, 2397 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sosa, J.M.: Brit. Polym. J. 7, 161 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Svanberg, O., Bengtsson, B.-E., Lindén, E., Lunde, G., Baumann, E.: Ambio 7, 64 (1978)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Zitko, V.: J. Chromatogr. 81, 152 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zitko, V.: Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 12, 406 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Zitko, V.: J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem. 57, 1253 (1974)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Zitko, V., Arsenault, E.: Chlorinated Paraffins: Properties, Uses, and Pollution Potential. Environment Canada Fisheries and Marine Service Technical Rep. 491, St. Andrews, N. B. (1974)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zitko, V., Arsenault, E.: Adv. Environm. Sc. Technol., I.H. Suffet (Ed.), Vol. 8.2, Wiley Interscience, New York 1977, p. 409Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fisheries and Oceans, Biological StationFisheries and Environmental SciencesSt. AndrewsCanada

Personalised recommendations