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Polycyclic Aromatic and Heteroaromatic Hydrocarbons

Chapter
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 3 / 3A)

Abstract

Only a limited number of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and structurally related hetero-aromatic systems such as anthracene, pyrene or carbazole are industrially produced in pure form. They normally serve as a starting material for the synthesis of dyestuffs, herbicides and pesticides or pharmaceuticals. None of these commercially available pure PAH and hetero-aromatic systems show acute toxic or carcinogenic effects. Coal tar, which is a by-product in the manufacture of metallurgical coke, is the main source for the industrial production of these chemicals. The quantity of coal tar which is co-produced in the coal carbonization process amounts presently to about 16 M tonnes p.a.; three-quarters of this raw material is processed in the existing 127 coal tar refineries throughout the world [1]. The exposure of the environment with these chemicals occuring in the up-grading of coal tar can, however, be neglected in comparison with the exposure with PAH and hetero-aromatic systems from other sources.

Keywords

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Metabolite Character Order Heteroaromatic System Ultimate Carcinogen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rütgerswerke AGCastrop-RauxelFederal Republic of Germany

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