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Andreev Reflection in Nb-InAs Structures: Phase Coherence, Ballistic Transport and Edge Channels

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Part of the Advances in Solid State Physics book series (ASSP,volume 46)

Abstract

We present our experimental work on transport in superconductor-semiconductor structures. Using high-quality contacts, Andreev reflection dominates the transport properties in a range of experimental parameters, including high magnetic fields. We investigated periodic arrays of Nb filled stripes or antidots in an InAs-based 2DEG. Depending on the geometry and magnetic field, Andreev reflection modifies transport in different ways. At magnetic fields up to a few flux quanta per unit cell, we observe phase-coherent behavior, such as flux-periodic oscillations. At slightly higher fields, the Andreev reflection probability is determined by induced superconductivity in the 2DEG, which is gradually suppressed by an increasing magnetic field. The impact of Andreev reflection on the ballistic motion in antidot lattices is particularly intriguing: the commensurability peaks commonly found in the magnetotransport in those lattices are strongly suppressed. At fields of several Tesla we enter the regime of the quantum Hall effect in the 2DEG, and we find a pronounced increase of the amplitude of 1/B-periodic magnetoresistance oscillations. The latter can be traced to an enhanced backscattering of Andreevreflected edge channels, which contain both electrons and holes.

Keywords

  • Landau Level
  • Velocity Correlation
  • Ballistic Transport
  • Andreev Reflection
  • Kubo Formula

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Eroms, J., Weiss, D. (2008). Andreev Reflection in Nb-InAs Structures: Phase Coherence, Ballistic Transport and Edge Channels. In: Advances in Solid State Physics. Advances in Solid State Physics, vol 46. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-38235-5_11

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