Skip to main content

Application of Bamboo Charcoal in Blood Purification: An In-vitro Study

  • Conference paper
World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006

Part of the book series: IFMBE Proceedings ((IFMBE,volume 14))

  • 89 Accesses


The charcoal capable of adsorbing toxin has been reported in many applications. The advantage of charcoal in blood purification is its ultra-high capacity of toxin adsorption. In the plasma perfusion where separated plasma or blood cells contact with adsorptive materials (charcoal in this study), it is worth conducting bioassay to verify whether the materials is non-toxic to blood components. Nowadays, the therapeutic apheresis has been adopted in various treatments of diseases, such as hepatic and renal failure. The plasma perfusion is one of the choices in therapeutic apheresis. In our study, we aimed to investigate the biocompatibility of bamboo charcoal for the apheresis application. The bamboo charcoal was obtained by carbonizing Taiwan bamboo, and its morphology and pore size were investigated. The residual heavy metals in bamboo charcoal were measured. In the biological assays, the cytotoxicity of fibroblast cells and hemolytic effect to red blood cells of the carbonized charcoal were studied. the adsorption behavior of bamboo charcoal in the albumin or L-phenylalanine solution was also conducted as a preliminary basis for future apheresis applications.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 429.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 549.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Li LJ, Zhang YM, Liu XL, et al. (2006) Artificial Liver Support System in China: A Review over the Last 30 Years. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis 10:160–167.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Sugimoto K, Yamaji K, Yang KS, et al. (2006) Immunoadsorption Plasmapheresis Using a Phenylalanine Column as an Effective Treatment for Lupus Nephritis. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis 10:187–192.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Hu ZH and Srinivasan MP (1999) Preparation of high-surface-area activated carbon from coconut shell, Microporous and mesoporous materials 27:11–18.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Shi W, Zhang FB, Zhang GL (2005) Adsorption of bilirubin with polylysine carrying chitosan-coated nylon affinity membranes, Journal of Chromatography B, 819:301–306.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Basler T, Meier-Hellmann A, Bredle D, et al. (2002) Amino acid imbalance early in septic encephalopathy, Intensive Care Medicine, 28:293–298.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Mizuta K, Matsumoto T, Hatate Y, et al. (2004) Removal of nitratenitrogen from drinking water using bamboo powder charcoal, Bioresource Technology 95:255–257.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Plasma therapy products at

    Google Scholar 

  8. Boggs DR, Hei DJ, Sternberg S, et al. Apparatus, membranes and methods for removing organic compounds from a biological fluid, US patent no. 6099734.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Kimura Y, Suto S, and Tatsuka M (2002) Evaluation of Carcinogenic/Co-carcinogenic Activity of Chikusaku-eki, a Bamboo Charcoal By-product Used as a Folk Remedy, in BALB/c 3T3 Cells, Biol. Pharm. Bull. 25:1026–1029.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ming-Fa Hsieh .

Editor information

R. Magjarevic J. H. Nagel

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2007 International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering

About this paper

Cite this paper

Hsieh, MF., Wang, WC., Chen, WC. (2007). Application of Bamboo Charcoal in Blood Purification: An In-vitro Study. In: Magjarevic, R., Nagel, J.H. (eds) World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006. IFMBE Proceedings, vol 14. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-36839-7

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-36841-0

  • eBook Packages: EngineeringEngineering (R0)

Publish with us

Policies and ethics