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Trace Elements of Group 4 (Previously Group IVb)

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Abstract

The trace elements of Group 4 are titanium (Ti), zirconium (Zr), and hafnium (Hf). Titanium is considered a trace element only because of its low concentrations in plant and animal tissues. The physical and chemical properties of these metals differ (Table II-4.1), but they all are widely distributed in both litho- and biosphere. However, their biochemical functions are hardly known.

Keywords

  • Barley Grain
  • Soil Genesis
  • Total Soft Tissue
  • Worldwide Soil
  • Tetravalent Oxidation State

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© 2007 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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(2007). Trace Elements of Group 4 (Previously Group IVb). In: Trace Elements from Soil to Human. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-32714-1_11

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