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8 Gravitational Wave Astronomy:The High Frequency Window

  • Nils Andersson
  • Kostas D. Kokkotas
Part III In Search of the Imprints of Early Universe: Gravitational Waves
Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 653)

Abstract

As several large scale interferometers are beginning to take data at sensitivities where astrophysical sources are predicted, the direct detection of gravitational waves may well be imminent. This would (finally) open the long anticipated gravitational-wave window to our Universe, and should lead to a much improved understanding of the most violent processes imaginable; the formation of black holes and neutron stars following core collapse supernovae and the merger of compact objects at the end of binary inspiral. Over the next decade we can hope to learn much about the extreme physics associated with, in particular, neutron stars.

This contribution is divided in two parts. The first part provides a text-book level introduction to gravitational radiation. The key concepts required for a discussion of gravitational-wave physics are introduced. In particular, the quadrupole formula is applied to the anticipated “bread-and-butter” source for detectors like LIGO, GEO600, EGO and TAMA300: inspiralling compact binaries. The second part provides a brief review of high frequency gravitational waves. In the frequency range above (say) 100 Hz, gravitational collapse, rotational instabilities and oscillations of the remnant compact objects are potentially important sources of gravitational waves. Significant and unique information concerning the various stages of collapse, the evolution of protoneutron stars and the details of the supranuclear equation of state of such objects can be drawn from careful study of the gravitational-wave signal. As the amount of exciting physics one may be able to study via the detections of gravitational waves from these sources is truly inspiring, there is strong motivation for the development of future generations of ground based detectors sensitive in the range from hundreds of Hz to several kHz.

Keywords

Black Hole Neutron Star Gravitational Wave Quasinormal Mode Gravitational Radiation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Nils Andersson
    • 1
  • Kostas D. Kokkotas
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Mathematics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJUK
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 541 24Greece
  3. 3.Center for Gravitational Wave Physics, 104 Davey Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802USA

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