The primary objective of structural map making and map interpretation is to develop an internally consistent three-dimensional picture of the structure that agrees with all the data. This can be difficult or ambiguous because the complete structure is usually undersampled. Thus an interpretation of the complete geometry will probably require a significant number of inferences, as, for example, in the interpolation of a folded surface between the observation points. Constraints on the interpretation are both topological and mechanical. The basic elements of map-scale structure are the geometries of folds and faults, the shapes and thicknesses of units, and the contact types. This chapter provides a short review of the basic elements of the structural and stratigraphic geometries that will be interpreted in later chapters, reviews some of the primary mechanical factors that control the geometry of map-scale folds and faults, and examines the typical sources of data for structural interpretation and their inherent errors.
- Fault Slip
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.