We describe the construction of a grammar and lexicon for Latin in the AGFL formalism, in particular the generation of the lexicon by means of transduction and the description of the syntax using the Free Word Order operator. From these two components, an efficient Top-Down chart parser is generated automatically. We measure the lexical and syntactical coverage of the parser and describe how to increase it.

The morphological generation technique described here is applicable to many highly-inflected languages. Since the Free Word Order operator described can cope with the extremely free word order in Latin, it may well be used for the description of free-word-order phenomena in modern languages.


Noun Phrase Formal Grammar Attribute Grammar Adjective Phrase Lexicon Lookup 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [Koster, 1991]
    Koster, C.H.A.: Affix Grammars for Natural Languages. In: Alblas, H., Melichar, B. (eds.) SAGA School 1991. LNCS, vol. 545, pp. 469–484. Springer, Heidelberg (1991)Google Scholar
  2. [linguistics textbook]
  3. [Redde Rationem]
    de Man, A.G., et al.: Redde rationem - recapulationes. Wolters, Noordhoff (1979)Google Scholar
  4. [Latijnse Leergang]
    Rotteveel Mansfeld, S.F.G., Waleson, R.: Latijnse leergang, tweede druk. Wolters, Noordhoff (1970)Google Scholar
  5. [Augustinus Confessiones]
  6. [another latin parser]
  7. [AGFL website]

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. H. A. Koster
    • 1
  1. 1.Computing Science InstituteUniversity of NijmegenThe Netherlands

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