Advertisement

Effects of the Vertical Handover Policy on the Performance of Internet Applications

  • Andrea Calvagna
  • Giuseppe Di Modica
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3262)

Abstract

One of the major challenges posed by 4th generation (4G) network concept is that of integrating heterogeneous wireless networks technologies to build a globally interoperable system. In this context, issues like mobility management and session management have been widely addressed by researchers. In this paper we attempt to design effective vertical handover schemes applied to mobile users roaming across heterogeneous wireless access domains. The focus is put on how the performance of the Internet applications are affected by vertical handovers. We modeled a scenario of two interworking (WLAN and GPRS) access systems and run, by simulation, an analyses of how the connection discontinuity provoked by frequent vertical handovers between the two heterogeneous networks impacts on the performance of the application’s sessions.

Keywords

Packet Delay Mobile Host Mobility Management Internet Application Vertical Handover 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    3GPP.:Feasibility study on 3GPP System to WLAN Interworking. Tech. Rep. 3GPP TR 22.934 v1.2.0 (May 2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    ETSI.:Requirements and Architectures for Interworking between HIPERLAN/3 and 3rd Generation Cellular Systems. Tech. Rep. ETSI TR 101 957 (August 2001)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Perkins, C.: IP Mobility Support for IPv4. IETF RFC 3220 (January 2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Fodor, G., Eriksson, A., Tuoriniemi, A., Research, E.: Providing Quality of Service in Always Best Connected Networks. IEEE Communications Magazines 41(7) (July 2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mitola, J.: The Software Radio Architecture. IEEE Communication Magazine 33(5), 26–38 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gustaffson, E., Jonsson, A.: Aways Best Connected.IEEE Wireless Communications (February 2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Stemm, M., Katz, R.H.: Vertical handoffs in wireless overlay networks. ACM Mobile Networking and Applications (MONET) 3(4), 335–350 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Du, F., Ni, L.M., Esfahanian, A.H.: HOPOVER: A New Handoff Protocol for Overlay Networks. In: IEEE ICC 2002, New York, May 2002, pp. 3234–3239 (2002)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Salamah, M., Tansu, F., Khalil, N.: Buffering Requirements for Lossless Vertical Handoffs in Wireless Overlay Networks. In: IEEE VTC, Jeju, Korea (April 2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Park, H.S., Yoon, S.H., Kim, T.H., Park, J.S., Do, M.S., Lee, J.-Y.: Vertical Handoff Procedure and Algorithm between IEEE802.11 WLAN and CDMA Cellular Network. In: CDMA International Conference, pp. 103–112 (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ylianttila, M., Pande, M., Mäkelä, J., Mähönen, P.: Optimization Scheme for Mobile Users Performing Vertical Handoffs between IEEE 802.11 and GPRS/EDGE networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference 2001, San Antonio, Texas, USA, vol. 6, pp. 3439–3443 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Senarath, N.G., Everitt, D.: Controlling handoff performance using signal strength prediction schemes & hysteresis algorithms for different shadowing environments. In: Proc IEEE 46th Vehicular Technology Conference, Atlanta, April 1996, pp. 1510–1514 (1996)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wong, K.D., Cox, D.: A handoff algorithm using pattern recognition. In: IEEE International Conference on Universal Personal Communications (ICUPC), Florence, Italy, October 1998, pp. 759–763 (1998)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wong, K.D., Cox, D.: Two-State Pattern Recognition Handoffs for Corner Turning Situations. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology 50(2), 354–363 (2001)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Edwards, G., Sankar, R.: Microcellular handoff using fuzzy techniques. Wireless Networks 4(5), 401–409 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Onel, T., Cayirci, E., Ersoy, C.: Application of Fuzzy Inference Systems to the Handff Decision Algorithms in Virtual Cell Layout Based Tactical Communications Systems. In: IEEE MILCOM 2002 (October 2002)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tripathi, N.D., Reed, J.H., VanLandingham, H.F.: An Adaptive Direction Biased Fuzzy Handoff Algorithm with Unified Handoff Selection Criterion. In: VTC 1998 – Vehicular Technology Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 18-21, vol. 1, pp. 127–131 (1998)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kim, S.E., Copeland, J.A.: TCP for Seamless Vertical Handoff in Hybrid Mobile Data Networks. GLOBECOM (2003)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Balakrishnan, H., Padmanabhan, V.N., Seshan, S., Katz, R.H.: A comparison of mechanisms for improving TCP performance over wireless links. IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking 5(6), 756–769 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mascolo, S., Casetti, C., Gerla, M., Sanadidi, M.Y., Wang, R.: TCP Westwood: bandwidth estimation for enhanced transport over wireless links. In: Proc. ACM MOBICOM., pp. 287–297 (2001)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Goff, T., Moronski, J., Phatak, D.S., Gupta, V.: Freeze-TCP: A true end-to-end TCP enhancement mechanism for mobile environments. Proc. IEEE INFOCOM., 1537–1545 (2000)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bakre, A., Badrinath, B.: I-TCP: Indirect TCP for mobile hosts. In: Proc. IEEE ICDCS, pp. 136–143 (1995)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Campbell, A.T., Valko, A.G., Gomez, J.: Cellular ip. Internet Draft, draft-valkocellularip- 00.txt (1998)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    UCB/LBNL/VINT. Network Simulator - ns (version 2). software tool, http://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/
  26. 26.
    Sun, Z., Liang, L., Koong, C., Cruickshank, H.: Internet QoS Measurement and Traffic Modelling. In: 2nd International Conference on Conformance Testing and Interoperability (ATS-CONF 2003), January 20-21 (2003)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrea Calvagna
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Di Modica
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica e delle TelecomunicazioniUniversità di CataniaCataniaItaly

Personalised recommendations