Minimally Invasive Surgery in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Childhood Cancer

  • George W. Holcomb
  • Benno M. Ure


Two of the early pioneers in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) were Drs. Stephen Gans and Bradley Rodgers. In the early 1970s, Dr. Gans described the use of laparoscopy for a variety of indications in 16 infants and children. In addition, in collaboration with Storz Endoscopy America (Los Angeles, CA), he helped design the first set of laparoscopic instruments for pediatric patients [1]. Dr. Rodgers authored two papers in the late 1970s and early 1980s describing the use of thoracoscopy for evaluation and biopsy of intrathoracic conditions. In a series of patients between 1975 and 1978, he and his colleagues described 65 thoracoscopic procedures in 57 children [1]. Thirty-four operations were performed in immunosuppressed patients to rule out Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Twenty of these were proven to have Pneumocystis pneumonia for a diagnostic accuracy of 100%. Fifteen operations were performed for the diagnosis of intrathoracic tumors. Four years later, Drs. Rodgers and Ryckman described over 150 thoracoscopic procedures for evaluation of intrathoracic pathology [2].


Minimally Invasive Surgery Thoracoscopic Operation Stab Incision Ipsilateral Lung Intrathoracic Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • George W. Holcomb
    • 1
  • Benno M. Ure
    • 2
  1. 1.Children’s Mercy HospitalKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Kinderchirurgische Klinik Medizinische HochschuleHannoverGermany

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