Using Landmarks to Support Older People in Navigation

  • Joy Goodman
  • Phil Gray
  • Kartik Khammampad
  • Stephen Brewster
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3160)


Although landmarks are an integral aspect of navigation, they have rarely been used within electronic navigation aids. This paper describes the design of a pedestrian navigation aid for a handheld computer, which guides the user along a route using photographs of landmarks, together with audio and text instructions that reference these landmarks. This aid was designed with older users in mind who often find their mobility hampered by declines in sensory, cognitive and motor abilities. It was tested against the standard paper map for the test area with both younger and older people and their performance and subjective workload were measured. The results show that such an aid can significantly outperform a paper-based map and that older people derive substantially more benefit from it than do younger people.


Mental Demand Young User Text Instruction Prefer Device Subjective Workload 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joy Goodman
    • 1
  • Phil Gray
    • 1
  • Kartik Khammampad
    • 1
  • Stephen Brewster
    • 1
  1. 1.Glasgow Interactive Systems Group, Department of Computing ScienceUniversity of GlasgowGlasgow

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