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Xcerpt and XChange – Logic Programming Languages for Querying and Evolution on the Web

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Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS,volume 3132)


The Semantic Web is an endeavor aiming at enriching the existing Web with meta-data and data (and meta-data) processing so as to allow computer systems to actually reason with the data instead of merely rendering it. To this aim, it is necessary to be able to query and update data and meta-data. Existing Semantic Web query languages (like DQL) are special purpose, they are not capable of processing generic Web data. On the other hand, the language Xcerpt [1,2] presented in the poster is a general purpose language that can query any kind of XML data and at the same time, being based on logic programming, provides advanced reasoning capabilities. Likewise, the maintenance and evolution of data on the (Semantic) Web is necessary: the Web is a ”living organism” whose dynamic character requires languages for specifying its evolution. This requirement regards not only updating data from Web resources, but also the propagation of changes on the Web. These issues have not received much attention so far, existing update languages (e.g. XML-RL Update Language [3]) and reactive languages [4] for the Web offer the possibility to execute simple update operations and, moreover, important features needed for propagation of updates on the Web are still missing. The language XChange also presented in the poster builds upon the query language Xcerpt and provides advanced, Web-specific capabilities, such as propagation of changes on the Web (change) and event-based communications between Web sites (exchange).


  • Logic Programming
  • Query Language
  • Query Term
  • Connected Query
  • Logic Programming Language

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This research has been funded by the European Commission and by the Swiss Federal Office for Education and Science within the 6th Framework Programme project REWERSE number 506779 (cf. ).

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  1. Bry, F., Schaffert, S.: Towards a Declarative Query and Transformation Language for XML and Semistructured Data: Simulation Unification. In: Stuckey, P.J. (ed.) ICLP 2002. LNCS, vol. 2401, p. 255. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)

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  3. Liu, M., Lu, L., Wang, G.: A Declarative XML-RL Update Language. In: Song, I.-Y., Liddle, S.W., Ling, T.-W., Scheuermann, P. (eds.) ER 2003. LNCS, vol. 2813, pp. 506–519. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)

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  4. Papamarkos, G., Poulovassilis, A., Wood, P.T.: Event-condition-action rule languages for the semantic web. In: Workshop on Semantic Web and Databases, Berlin (2003)

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© 2004 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Bry, F., Pătrânjan, PL., Schaffert, S. (2004). Xcerpt and XChange – Logic Programming Languages for Querying and Evolution on the Web. In: Demoen, B., Lifschitz, V. (eds) Logic Programming. ICLP 2004. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 3132. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

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  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-22671-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-540-27775-0

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