How much did immigrant “quality” decline in late nineteenth century America?
- Timothy J. HattonAffiliated withDepartment of Economics, University of Essex
Early twentieth century observers argued that recent American immigrants were inferior, and in particular less skilled, than the old. I estimate wage equations for 1909 allowing for different effects by nationality and for different characteristics on arrival. I then apply the estimated wage differentials to the immigrant composition to measure the effect of changing composition on immigrant earnings. Finally I ask how immigrant earning power changed relative to that of native Americans. I conclude that immigrant “quality” in terms of earnings did decline due to shifting composition but these effects are very small compared with those reported in studies of the post-second World War period.
Key wordsUnited States immigration history
JEL classificationJ15 J31 J61 N11
- How much did immigrant “quality” decline in late nineteenth century America?
- Book Title
- How Labor Migrants Fare
- Book Part
- Part II
- pp 37-53
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Population Economics
- Series ISSN
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Copyright Holder
- Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
- Additional Links
- United States immigration history
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Editor Affiliations
- 1. Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit (IZA)
- 2. Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania
- Author Affiliations
- 3. Department of Economics, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.