Immigrants and the public sector budget — accounting exercises for Sweden

  • Björn Gustafsson
  • Torun Österberg
Part of the Population Economics book series (POPULATION)


Net contributions to the public sector budget in Sweden are investigated using large samples of foreign born and native born. The accounts build on various assumptions including that expenditures on public consumption are allocated according to the age of the person. The results indicate that during the period 1983 to 1992 net contributions of immigrants deteriorated. Upon arrival to Sweden, immigrants on average place a burden on the public sector budget but after a few years this no longer applies. Refugees initially put a larger burden on the public sector budget than other immigrants, but such a difference declines with years since immigration.

Key words

Immigration employment age structure public sector 

JEL classification

F22 J15 H5 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Björn Gustafsson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Torun Österberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social WorkUniversity of GöteborgGöteborgSweden
  2. 2.Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)BonnGermany

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