Aboriginals as unwilling immigrants: Contact, assimilation and labour market outcomes
Like immigrants, aboriginal populations’ economic success may be enhanced by the acquisition of skills and traits appropriate to the “majority” culture in which they reside. Using 1991 Canadian Census data, we show that Aboriginal labour market success is greater for Aboriginals whose ancestors intermarried with non-Aboriginals, for those who live off Indian reserves, and for those who live outside the Yukon and Northwest Territories. While these three “facts” could also be explained by a combination of other processes, such as discrimination, physical remoteness, and selection, only the skill/trait acquisition, or “assimilation” hypothesis is consistent with all three.
Key wordsAboriginal wages employment
JEL classificationJ15 J7
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Daly AE (1994) The Determinants of Employment Income for Indigenous Australians. Australian National University, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, discussion paper no. 68/1994Google Scholar
- Drost H (1996) Joblessness among Canada’s Aboriginal Peoples. In: MacLean BK, Osberg L (eds) The Unemployment Crisis: All for Nought? McGill-Queen’s University Press, MontrealGoogle Scholar
- Duleep HO, Regets MC (1997) Measuring Immigrant Wage Growth Using Matched CPS Files. Demography, 34(2)Google Scholar
- Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (1992) Basic Departmental Data. Supply and Services, OttawaGoogle Scholar
- Kimmel J (1994) Rural Wages and Returns to Education: Differences between Whites, Blacks and American Indians. Working paper no. 94–27, W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment ResearchGoogle Scholar
- Kuhn P (1997) Trends in Aboriginal Labour Market Outcomes, 1986–1991: Preliminary Results. Unpubl manuscript, McMaster UniversityGoogle Scholar
- Mitchell A (1998) Population Bomb Ticking on Reserves. The Globe and Mail, Wednesday January 14, A 1Google Scholar
- Silcoff S (1996) Natives Continue to Snub Census. The Globe and Mail, Friday May 17:A6Google Scholar
- Snipp CM (1989) American Indians: The First of This Land. Russell Sage Foundation, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Statistics Canada (1993) Age and Sex, 1991 Census of Canada. Industry, Science and Technology Canada, Ottawa, Catalogue number 94–327Google Scholar
- Statistics Canada (1994) Canada’s Aboriginal Population by Census Subdivision and CMA: Aboriginal Data, 1991 Census of Canada. Industry, Science and Technology Canada, Ottawa, Catalogue number 94–326Google Scholar