How do labor migrants fare?

  • Amelie Constant
  • Klaus F. Zimmermann
Part of the Population Economics book series (POPULATION)


Migration is now a major area of interest in economics. This is fostered by a few global developments: The differences in economic growth among countries prevail or even rise and the freedom of moving is increasing. The demographic gaps between various regions across the world become more marked; aging and shrinking populations at one side and growing populations at the other side provide further motives for mobility. Globalization of information and production provides a stronger pressure on countries to adjust, and the demand for speed can only be satisfied by migrants. The rising importance of human capital in the production of goods and services around the world is followed by a decline in the demand for unskilled labor. This causes migratory moves from two adverse situations: There is excess demand and hence global competition for high-skilled workers who will work more flexible across countries and throughout their working life. Low-skilled workers, who exhibit excess supply on their labor markets, become more and more forced migrants who have to move to find a safe heaven in their struggle to satisfy their basic economic needs and better their lives. It is hard to find a


Labor Market Human Capital Host Country Labor Migrant Immigration Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bauer T, Pereira PT, Vogler M, Zimmermann KF (2002) Portuguese Migrants in the German Labor Market: Performance and Self-selection. International Migration Review 36:467–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boeri T, Hanson G, McCormick B (2002) Immigration Policy and the Welfare System. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Borjas G (1985) Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants. Journal of Labor Economics 3:463–489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borjas G (1995) Assimilation and Cohort Quality Revisited: What Happened in the 1980s? Journal of Labor Economics 13:201–245CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Constant A, Shachmurove Y (2002) The Entrepreneurial Endeavors of Immigrants and Natives in Germany. Proceedings of the Academy of Entrepreneurial Finance, 202–218Google Scholar
  6. Chiswick BR (1978) The Effect of Americanization on the Earnings of Foreign-born Men. Journal of Political Economy 86:897–921CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. DeVoretz D, Laryea SA (2004) Canadian Immigration Experience: Any Lessons for Europe? In: Zimmermann KF (ed) European Migration: What Do We Know? Oxford University Press, Oxford, (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  8. Faini R, de Melo J, Zimmermann KF (eds) (1999) Migration. The Controversies and the Evidence. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. Katseli L, Straubhaar T, Zimmermann KF (eds) (2002) Illegal Migration. Journal of Population Economics 12: Special issueGoogle Scholar
  10. Simon J (1989) The Economic Consequences of Immigration. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. Zimmermann KF (ed) (2004) European Migration: What Do We Know? Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  12. Zimmermann KF, Bauer T (eds) (2002) The Economics of Migration, vol. I — IV. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. , Cheltenham/NorthamptonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amelie Constant
    • 1
    • 2
  • Klaus F. Zimmermann
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.IZABonnGermany
  2. 2.IZA and Population Studies CenterUniversity of PennsylvaniaUSA
  3. 3.IZABonn University and Free University of BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations