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Tabakkonsum im Jugendalter zwischen sozialer Herkunft, Gleichaltrigengruppe und Schule

  • Matthias Richter

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„Weil du arm bist, musst du früher sterben.“ Diese volkstümliche Redewendung gilt selbst heute noch. Soziale Unterschiede in der Gesundheit sind bedeutende gesellschaftliche Ungerechtigkeiten und reflektieren einen der mächtigsten Einflüsse auf die Gesundheit (WHO 1998). Die Zugehörigkeit zu einer sozialen Schicht erklärt stärker als alle anderen Parameter, die zur Erforschung von Krankheits- und Todesursachen eingesetzt wurden, Unterschiede in der Häufigkeit des Auftretens von Krankheit und vorzeitigem Tod (Lampert et al. 2005; Mielck 2005; Richter/Hurrelmann 2006). Vor allem bei Männern und Frauen im mittleren Alter variieren Lebenserwartung und Erkrankungsrisiken dramatisch im Hinblick auf das Bildungsniveau, das Einkommen und den Beruf, unabhängig davon, ob man diese Indikatoren einzeln oder zusammengefasst betrachtet.

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Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Richter
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für GesundheitswissenschaftenUniversität BielefeldBielefeld

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