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Some conclusions

  • Ursula Apitzsch
  • Maria Kontos

Abstract

Self-employment policies are an important aspect of social citizenship. This is not a self-evident assumption, but rather one which depends on the notion of social citizenship. First and foremost, citizenship consists of mere formal juridical membership; every citizen is entitled to civil, political and social rights. As T.H. Marshall explored in his famous book „Citizenship and social class“, these entitlements are the result of bloody struggles throughout the last three hundred years (Marshall 1992). Citizenship, on the other hand, is a dynamic public process which offers opportunities to participate in political processes and economic, social, and cultural intercourse, including the material and social resources needed (Turner 1993; Kreide 2000, 10f.).

Keywords

Social Enterprise Native Woman Social Citizenship Grant Woman Ocational Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ursula Apitzsch
    • 1
  • Maria Kontos
    • 1
  1. 1.J.W. Goethe-Universität Frankfurt/ M.Germany

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