Advertisement

Islamic sermons, religious authority and the individualization of Islam in France

  • Frank Peter

Abstract

Recent literature has highlighted the important changes in Islamic religiosity in Western Europe, particularly among second-generation Muslims (for example, Roy 1999, Klinkhammer 2000, Tietze 2001). However, this literature has focused mostly on the individual believer (for exceptions see Schiffauer 2000, Jonker 2002) and while the general importance of Islamic associations and religious authorities is sometimes acknowledged (Khosrokhavar 1997, Roy 2000), their precise role and functioning are mostly still unclear. There is indeed a certain tendency to see this role as declining as a result of religious individualization (Tietze 2001, 10). Contrary to this approach, this article starts from the premise that the current transformation of Islam in Western Europe cannot be seen as a simple decline of religious authorities, but as a process which also leads to a pluralization of religious authority structures. In France, we can indeed observe today the emergence of new types of religious authority1, who have a professional profile which does not conform to that of classical scholars and who target specific groups inside the ‘Muslim community’, in our case notably the French-born second-generation Muslims. This article will examine one such figure, the popular Francophone Islamic preacher Hassan Iquioussen, former president of the youth organisation ‘Jeunes Musulmans de France’ (JMF)2.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Abdelkrim, Farid (2002): Les jeunes, l’islam et le sexe. Des réalités cachées. Éditions Gedis, La Courneuve.Google Scholar
  2. Arberry, Arthur J. (1964): The Koran interpreted. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  3. Azmeh, Aziz al-(21996): Islams and Modernities. Verso, London.Google Scholar
  4. Banna, Hasan al-(1992): Majmu ‘at rasa’il al-imam al-shahid Hasan al-Banna [Collected epistles by the martyr Imam Hasan al-Banna]. Dar al-tauzi ‘wa-’ l-nashr al-islamiya, Cairo.Google Scholar
  5. Bauman, Zygmunt (2000): Liquid Modernities. Polity Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  6. Bouzar, Dounia (2001): L’islam des banlieues. Les prédicateurs musulmans: nouveaux travailleurs sociaux? Syros/La Découverte, Paris.Google Scholar
  7. Caeiro, Alexandre (forthcoming): “Islamic Authority, Transnational’ Ulama, and European Fatwas. A Case-Study of the ECFR.” in: van Bruinessen, martin/Allievi, Stefano: Producing Islamic Knowledge in Western Europe. Routtledge, London.Google Scholar
  8. Césari, Jocelyne (1998): Musulmans et républicains: les jeunes, l’islam et la France. Editions Complexe, Brussels.Google Scholar
  9. Frégosi, Franck (1998): “Les filières nationales de formation des imams en France.” in: Frégosi, Franck: La formation des cadres religieux musulmans en France. Approches socio-juridiques. L’Harmattan, Paris. 101–139.Google Scholar
  10. Godard, Bernard (2005): „Formation des imams. État des lieux.“ at http://www.sezame. info/index.php?action=article&id_article=120635&preaction=nl&id=527880&idnl=5813&. Accessed 11 August 2005.Google Scholar
  11. Hirschkind, Charles (2001): “The Ethics of Listening: Cassette-Sermon Audition in Contemporary Egypt.” American Ethnologist, Vol. 28. 623–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hourani, Albert (21983): Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798–1939. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  13. Jonker, Gerdien (2002): Eine Wellenlänge zu Gott. Der „Verband der Islamischen Kulturzentren“ in Europa. Transcript, Bielefeld.Google Scholar
  14. Kepel, Gilles (21991): Les banlieues de l’Islam. Naissance d’une religion en France. Éditions du Seuil, Paris.Google Scholar
  15. Kepel, Gilles (1994): Á l’ouest d’Allah. Editions du Seuil, Paris.Google Scholar
  16. Kerr, Malcolm H. (1962): Islamic Reform. The Political and Legal Theories of Muhammad’ Abduh and Rashid Rida. University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  17. Khosrokhavar, Farhad (1997): L’islam des jeunes. Flammarion, Paris.Google Scholar
  18. Klinkhammer, Gritt (2000): Moderne Formen islamischer Lebensführung. Eine qualitativempirische Untersuchung zur Religiosität sunnitisch geprägter Türkinnen der zweiten Generation in Deutschland. Diagonal, Marburg.Google Scholar
  19. Mahyaoui, Naziha (2003): „Hassan Iquioussen, un parcours engagé.“ Flash. Info, April 18–21.3.Google Scholar
  20. Marongiu, Oméro (2002): L’islam au pluriel. Étude du rapport au religieux chez les jeunes musulmans. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Université des sciences et technologies de Lille (U.F.R. de sciences économiques et sociales).Google Scholar
  21. Mawlawi, Faysal (1987): Al-Ussus al-shar‘iya li-’ l-‘alaqat bayna’ l-muslimin wa-ghayr almuslimin [The legal foundations concerning the relations between Muslims and non-Muslims]. Beirut: Dar al-rashad al-islamiya.Google Scholar
  22. Rohe, Mathias (2004): “The Formation of a European Shari’a.’ in: Malik, Jamal. Muslims in Europe. From the Margins to the Centre. LIT, Münster. 161–184.Google Scholar
  23. Roy, Olivier (1999): Vers un islam européen. Esprit, Paris.Google Scholar
  24. Roy, Olivier (2000): „L’individualisation dans l’islam européen contemporain.“ in: Dasseto, Felice (ed.): Paroles d’islam. Individus, sociétés et discours dans l’islam européen contemporain. Maisonneuve et Larose, Paris. 69–84.Google Scholar
  25. Schiffauer, Werner (2000): Die Gottesmänner. Türkische Islamisten in Deutschland. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main.Google Scholar
  26. Temisien, Xavier (2002): La France des mosquées. Albin Michel, Paris.Google Scholar
  27. Tietze, Nikola (2001): Islamische Identitäten. Formen muslimischer Religiosität junger Männer in Deutschland und Frankreich. Hamburger Edition, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  28. Twardella, Johannes (2002): „Einige soziologische Überlegungen über den Islam in Deutschland.“ Zeitschrift für Religions-und Geistesgeschichte, Vol. 54. 62–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wuthnow, Robert (1993): Christianity in the Twenty-first Century. Reflections on the Challenges Ahead. Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

Cassette-sermons

  1. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 1), „JMF. Courant de pensée“, Programmes UOIF/Euro-Médias, Amiens.Google Scholar
  2. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 2), „Islam, médias et préjugés“, Editions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  3. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 3), „La réussite: un devoir“, Médiacom, Amiens.Google Scholar
  4. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 4), „Le sens de notre vie. Croyance, pratique et comportement“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  5. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 5), „Les qualités du jeune musulman“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  6. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 6), „Nos devoirs dans le contexte actuel“, Éditions Tawhid, LyonGoogle Scholar
  7. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 7), „Notre spiritualité au quotidien. Exigence et constance“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  8. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 8), „Vivre ensemble. Respect de l’identité et de la différence“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  9. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 9), „Vivre l’Islam, Foi, pratique et citoyenneté“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  10. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 10), „La notion de l’épreuve en Islam. Compréhension et comportement“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  11. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 11), „L’éducation familiale“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  12. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 12), „Le mariage en Islam. Vivre en couple (2/3)“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar
  13. Iquioussen, Hassan (HI 13), „Le mariage en Islam. La gestion des conflits (3/3)“, Éditions Tawhid, Lyon.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | GWV Fachverlage GmbH, Wiesbaden 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Peter

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations