The modern representative system brings the majority principle into a close alliance with the democratic idea. It has become a natural component of the contemporary political structure. The application of the majority principle, however, leads to a number of questions which — in view of the general acceptance of the principle as self-evident — have only rarely found closer examination. The majority rule is bound to certain prerequisites. Only if they realize it can provide sufficient legitimation for the formation of political decisions. Also, its application underlies certain limitations.