The Role of Trauma and Whiplash Injury in TMD

  • Sonia Sharma
  • Richard Ohrbach
  • Birgitta Häggman-HenriksonEmail author


The effects of direct or indirect trauma to the jaw and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can have both short- and long-term consequences. This chapter will explore direct and indirect trauma in relation to temporomandibular disorders (TMDs).
  • Definition of trauma and role of injury

  • Micro- vs. macrotrauma

  • Epidemiology of trauma

  • Direct trauma and TMDs

  • TMD and whiplash injury

  • Consequences of trauma: pain and functional disturbances

  • Considerations for treatment in relation to TMD and trauma


Temporomandibular disorder Trauma Whiplash Micro-trauma Chronic pain 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonia Sharma
    • 1
  • Richard Ohrbach
    • 1
  • Birgitta Häggman-Henrikson
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Oral Diagnostic SciencesUniversity at Buffalo School of Dental MedicineBuffaloUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Faculty of OdontologyMalmö UniversityMalmöSweden

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