On the Use of Elevators During Emergency Evacuation
In this paper, we study the use of elevators during the time of emergency evacuation. We review the State-of-the-Art and analyze the risks, benefits, and safety measures associated with the use of elevators during hazardous situations. In the end, we discuss some open issues related with the use of elevators in emergency evacuation and propose a smart agent-based elevator system (SABES) along with some research directions towards safer, more responsive, and reliable usage of elevators based on the emergency context.
KeywordsElevators Building evacuation Lifts High-rise buildings Human behavior
Work partially supported by the Autonomous Region of Madrid (grant “MOSI-AGIL-CM” (S2013/ICE-3019) co-funded by EU Structural Funds FSE and FEDER), project “SURF” (TIN2015-65515-C4-4-R (MINECO/FEDER)) funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.
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