A Normalized Encoder-Decoder Model for Abstractive Summarization Using Focal Loss

  • Yunsheng Shi
  • Jun Meng
  • Jian WangEmail author
  • Hongfei Lin
  • Yumeng Li
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11109)


Abstractive summarization based on seq2seq model is a popular research topic today. And pre-trained word embedding is a common unsupervised method to improve deep learning model’s performance in NLP. However, during applying this method directly to the seq2seq model, we find it does not achieve the same good result as other fields because of an over training problem. In this paper, we propose a normalized encoder-decoder structure to address it, which can prevent the semantic structure of pre-trained word embedding from being destroyed during training. Moreover, we use a novel focal loss function to help our model focus on those examples with low score for getting better performance. We conduct the experiments on NLPCC2018 share task 3: single document summary. Result showed that these two mechanisms are extremely useful, helping our model achieve state-of-the-art ROUGE scores and get the first place in this task from the current rankings.


Summarization Seq2Seq Pre-trained word embedding Normalized encoder-decoder structure Focal loss 



This research is supported by the National Key Research Development Program of China (No. 2016YFB1001103).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yunsheng Shi
    • 1
  • Jun Meng
    • 1
  • Jian Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hongfei Lin
    • 1
  • Yumeng Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Dalian University of TechnologyDalianChina

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