The Four-Level Model of Planning and Decision Making

  • Michael Z. ZgurovskyEmail author
  • Alexander A. Pavlov
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 173)


We provide an overview of known models, methods and software for scheduling and operational planning for objects with a network representation of technological processes and limited resources. The problem is an operational plan construction to produce a potential order portfolio which is the best in terms of criteria defined by the customer. We make the conclusion that an immediate solution of this problem (multi-stage network scheduling problem) is inefficient. The result of analysis is the four-level model of planning (including operational) and decision making, in which we formalize formal procedures both for obtaining an operational schedule and for its operative adjustment. The four-level model includes the combinatorial optimization problems presented in Chaps.  2 7 as well as the Decision Making Unit, a subsystem that performs decision making functions in case if various events appear during planning. In the Decision Making Unit we use our modified Analytic Hierarchy Process which is based on the research of empirical pairwise comparisons matrices with the help of combinatorial optimization models with weighted components of the additive functional.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kyiv Polytechnic InstituteNational Technical University of UkraineKyivUkraine
  2. 2.Faculty of Informatics and Computer ScienceNational Technical University of UkraineKyivUkraine

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