Spine Surgery pp 141-148 | Cite as

Natural Course and Classification of Idiopathic Scoliosis

  • Massimo Balsano
  • Stefano Negri


Scoliosis is an elusive pathology in which a therapeutic decision must depend on an accurate prognostic stratification. It is defined as a three-dimensional deformity of the vertebral column which manifests itself in different forms, affecting the cervical, dorsal and lumbar regions. In more than 80% of scoliosis cases, a specific cause is actually not known (Idiopathic Scoliosis, IS).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Massimo Balsano
    • 1
  • Stefano Negri
    • 1
  1. 1.UOC Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Regional Spinal DepartmentAOUIVeronaItaly

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