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Making Compact Two-Lane Roundabouts Effective for Vulnerable Road Users: An Assessment of Transport-Related Externalities

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 52)

Abstract

Compact two-lane roundabouts are increasingly popular. Designing cycle lanes at two-lane roundabouts may not benefit motor vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists simultaneously. This study addresses environmental and operational aspects for accommodating bicycle treatments at compact two-lane roundabouts, namely: (i) sharing bicycles with the motor vehicle lanes; (ii) sharing bicycles with pedestrian pathways; (iii) dedicated bicycle lanes separated from pedestrian paths and motor vehicle lanes. Each scenario was subjected to different traffic, pedestrian and cyclist volumes. Using a microscopic traffic model, the operational performance of the above designs was compared. Then, a microscopic emission methodology based on vehicle-specific power and a semi-dynamic model were used to estimate pollutant emissions and traffic noise, respectively. It was found that cyclists travel time increased with the adoption of separated bicycle lanes since this design led to longer paths. However, average intersection travel time, emissions and noise decreased when compared to other designs.

Keywords

Roundabouts Cyclists Pedestrians Emissions Noise 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the projects: PTDC/EMS-TRA/0383/2014, that was funded within the project 9471-Reinforcement of RIDTI and funded by FEDER funds; Strategic Project UID-EMS-00481-2013-FCT and CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER-022083; MobiWise project: From mobile sensing to mobility advising (P2020 SAICTPAC/0011/2015), co-financed by COMPETE 2020, Portugal 2020 - Operational Program for Competitiveness and Internationalization (POCI), European Union’s ERDF (European Regional Development Fund), and the FCT. This work is financed by ERDF Funds through the Operational Program Competitiveness and Internationalization - COMPETE 2020 and by National Funds through FCT - Foundation for Science and Technology within the scope of the POCI-01-0145-FEDER-16740 project.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Mechanical Technology and AutomationUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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