Estimation of the Number of Threatened People in a Case of Fire in Road Tunnels

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 51)


Factors influencing the conditions in a road tunnel in a case of fire were considered. The specifics of road tunnels as parts of the transportation network from the safety point of view was discussed. A brief overview on tunnel emergency systems and evacuation process was presented. Selected road tunnels in Poland were taken into account and a number of scenarios of traffic accidents with fire were detailed described. Some observations from carried-out full-scale hot smoke test were used. As a result of each such case study the estimated number of threatened tunnel users was obtained. Conclusion section contains some recommendations which would lead to increase the safety level in road tunnels.


Road tunnel Fire outbreak Evacuation Traffic safety 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of TransportSilesian University of TechnologyKatowicePoland
  2. 2.Faculty of Energy and Environmental EngineeringSilesian University of TechnologyGliwicePoland

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