Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm Based Job Scheduling Using Cloud and Fog Computing in Smart Grid

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 23)


The integration of Smart Grid (SG) with cloud and fog computing has improved the energy management system. The conversion of traditional grid system to SG with cloud environment results in enormous amount of data at the data centers. Rapid increase in the automated environment has increased the demand of cloud computing. Cloud computing provides services at the low cost and with better efficiency. Although problems still exists in cloud computing such as Response Time (RT), Processing Time (PT) and resource management. More users are being attracted towards cloud computing which is resulting in more energy consumption. Fog computing is emerged as an extension of cloud computing and have added more services to the cloud computing like security, latency and load traffic minimization. In this paper a Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm (COA) based load balancing technique is proposed for better management of resources. The COA is used to assign suitable tasks to Virtual Machines (VMs). The algorithm detects under and over utilized VMs and switch off the under-utilized VMs. This process turn down many VMs which puts a big impact on energy consumption. The simulation is done in Cloud Sim environment, it shows that proposed technique has better response time at low cost than other existing load balancing algorithms like Round Robin (RR) and Throttled.


Cloud Computing Fog Computing Smart Grid Cuckoo Optimization Algorithm Round Robin Throttled 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.COMSATS UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.PMAS Agriculture UniversityRawalpindi IslamabadPakistan

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