Skip to main content

Employment in Information and Communication Technologies in European Countries and Its Potential Determinants and Consequences

  • Conference paper
  • First Online:
Advances in Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems (INCoS 2018)


Information and communication technologies have important role in many different innovations and further positively affect the productivity and economic growth. Our aim was to examine examine the share of ICT sector in selected European countries and identify its potential determinants and consequences. We used mostly panel data for EU28 countries plus Norway and Switzerland and applied correlation and panel Granger causality tests. The employment in ICT was used as main examined variable. Our results suggest that there is a positive correlation between ICT skills as well as the share of people with ICT education and employment in ICT. The causal effect seems to be working in direction from education to employment. Moreover, variables capturing GDP per capita, trade openness, R&D expenditure, number of internet users, quality of regulation and political stability appear to be all positively correlated with employment in ICT and especially with employment in ICT services.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD 219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions


  1. Bauer, J.M., Shim, W.: Regulation and innovation in telecommunications. In: Quello Center Working Paper 01–2012, Presented at Scientific Seminar Entitled Communications & Media Markets: Emerging Trends & Policy Issues, pp. 1–26 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  2. Brynjolfsson, E., Saunders, A.: Wired for Innovation. How Information Technology is Reshaping the Economy. MIT Press, Cambridge (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Brynjolfsson, E.: Innovation and the E-economy. MIT, Sloan School of Management (2011, Unpublished paper)

    Google Scholar 

  4. Cardona, M., Kretschmer, T., Strobel, T.: ICT and productivity: conclusions from the empirical literature. Inf. Econ. Policy 25(3), 109–125 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Doucek, P.: Human resources in ICT–ICT effects on GDP. In: Information Technology–Human Values, Innovation and Economy, IDIMT-2010, pp. 97–105 (2010)

    Google Scholar 

  6. Hall, B.H., Lotti, F., Mairesse, J.: Evidence on the impact of R&D and ICT investments on innovation and productivity in Italian firms. Econ. Innov. New Technol. 22(3), 300–328 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Lall, S.: Learning from the Asian Tigers: Studies in Technology and Industrial Policy. Springer (1996)

    Google Scholar 

  8. Ngwenyama, O., Morawczynski, O.: Factors affecting ICT expansion in emerging economies: an analysis of ICT infrastructure expansion in five Latin American countries. Inf. Technol. Dev. 15(4), 237–258 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Pohjola, M.: The adoption and diffusion of ICT across countries: patterns and determinants. In: The New Economy Handbook, pp. 77–100 (2003)

    Google Scholar 

  10. Rai, D., Kurnia, S.: Factors affecting the growth of the ICT industry: the case of Bhutan. In: International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries, pp. 728–739. Springer, Cham (2017)

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  11. Stiroh, K.J.: Information technology and the US productivity revival: what do the industry data say? Am. Econ. Rev. 92(5), 1559–1576 (2002)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Vu, K.M.: ICT as a source of economic growth in the information age: empirical evidence from the 1996–2005 period. Telecommun. Policy 35(4), 357–372 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This work has been supported by the Scientific Grant Agency of Slovak Republic under project VEGA No. 1/1009/16 “Innovation potential of the regions of Slovakia, its measurement and innovation policy at the regional level”.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Peter Pisár .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

About this paper

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Pisár, P., Huňady, J., Balco, P. (2019). Employment in Information and Communication Technologies in European Countries and Its Potential Determinants and Consequences. In: Xhafa, F., Barolli, L., Greguš, M. (eds) Advances in Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems. INCoS 2018. Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies, vol 23. Springer, Cham.

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics