Efficient Organic Synthesis: What Ultrasound Makes Easier

  • Jean-Marc LévêqueEmail author
  • Giancarlo Cravotto
  • François Delattre
  • Pedro Cintas
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)


The application of ultrasound waves to induce and enhance chemical reactivity dates back to the pioneering studies by Richards and Loomis in the late 1920s. The long journey, now entering the twenty-first century, has been accompanied by decades of low and high research activity. But arguably, the marriage between synthesis, organic synthesis in particular, and sonochemistry has been especially fruitful from the 1980s onwards. We now realize the pluses conveyed by sonication, in terms of efficiency, acceleration and selectivity. Mechanistic switching and/or different product distribution relative to non-irradiated conditions also represent salient features observed frequently in sonochemical reactions. This chapter summarizes a series of fundamental ideas in organic sonochemistry and introduces the subject within the framework of green chemistry and sustainability. Representative examples gathered in recent literature help to appreciate the added value of sonochemistry as tool.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Marc Lévêque
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giancarlo Cravotto
    • 2
  • François Delattre
    • 3
  • Pedro Cintas
    • 4
  1. 1.LCME/SCeMUniversité de Savoie Mont BlancParisFrance
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del FarmacoUniversitá di TorinoTurinItaly
  3. 3.Departement de ChimieUnité de Chimie Environnementale et Interactions sur le VivantDunkerqueFrance
  4. 4.Departamento Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, Facultad de CienciasUniversity of ExtremaduraBadajozSpain

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