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Smart Grid Management Using Cloud and Fog Computing

  • Muhammad Hassaan Ashraf
  • Nadeem Javaid
  • Sadam Hussain Abbasi
  • Mubariz Rehman
  • Muhammad Usman Sharif
  • Faizan Saeed
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 22)

Abstract

Cloud computing provides Internet-based services to its consumer. Multiple requests on cloud server simultaneously cause processing latency. Fog computing act as an intermediary layer between Cloud Data Centers (CDC) and end users, to minimize the load and boost the overall performance of CDC. For efficient electricity management in smart cities, Smart Grids (SGs) are used to fulfill the electricity demand. In this paper, a proposed system designed to minimize energy wastage and distribute the surplus energy among energy deficient SGs. A three-layered cloud and fog based architecture described for efficient and fast communication between SG’s and electricity consumers. To manage the SG’s requests, fog computing introduced to reduce the processing time and response time of CDC. For efficient scheduling of SG’s requests, proposed system compare three different load balancing algorithms: Round Robin (RR), Active Monitoring Virtual Machine (AMVM) and Throttled for SGs electricity requests scheduling on fog servers. Dynamic service broker policy is used to decide that which request should be routed on fog server. For evaluation of the proposed system, results performed in cloud analyst, which shows that AMVM and Throttled outperform RR by varying virtual machine placement cost at fog servers.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Hassaan Ashraf
    • 1
  • Nadeem Javaid
    • 1
  • Sadam Hussain Abbasi
    • 1
  • Mubariz Rehman
    • 1
  • Muhammad Usman Sharif
    • 1
  • Faizan Saeed
    • 1
  1. 1.COMSATS Univeristy IslamabadIslamabadPakistan

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