Successes and Failures of Water and Sanitation Governance Choices in Sub-Saharan Africa (1990–2017)
  • Antonio Estache
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Water Governance: Policy and Practice book series (PSWG)


The chapter argues that, under current management and reform strategies, Sub-Saharan Africa is still lagging in coverage and unlikely to reach the universal water access and adequate sanitation targets promised by the Sustainable Development Goals set in 2016. It needs new reforms leading to faster, more cost-effective, and better-coordinated investment financing strategies. For now, financing constraints continue to be quite binding, local and international stakeholders continue to be slow at internalizing the lessons from mistaken reform and technology choices and implementation, and the impact of urbanization and development on the demand for service is underestimated. Current strategies are too slow and too unfocused to help fast enough the poorest who continue to be excluded from the benefits of improvements in the sector.


Increasing Block Tariffs (IBTs) Separate Regulatory Agencies Public-private Partnerships (PPPs) Estache Danilenko 
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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Estache
    • 1
  1. 1.European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Université libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium

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