Part of the Critical Criminological Perspectives book series (CCRP)


This concluding chapter is a summary of the book. It reintroduces its scope by exploring the issue of the under-criminalisation of occupational health and safety (OHS) crimes and the reason it is important to take this issue as the pivotal point for the development of future regulatory enforcement policies. The chapter argues that academics should propose law enforcement policies that are capable of achieving consistent and proportionate responses across the criminal law spectrum, rather than just reasonable responses for OHS duty holders. The chapter pools together law procedural traditions and practices, historical decisions and policy developments and incident and enforcement trends to conclude that the under-criminalisation of these crimes is caused by embedded discriminatory policies and practices in contemporary nation-states’ legal and political systems.


Occupational health and safety enforcement Under-criminalisation Safety crimes Britain Italy Separation of power doctrine Due-process Crime-control Civil rights State’s role Regulation Enforcement policies Consistent responses Proportionate responses Inequality Social injustice Harm Italian constitution Costituzione italiana Global pressures neo-liberalism Keynesian Liberal values State’s legitimacy Criminal justice system legitimacy 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesUniversity of RoehamptonLondonUK

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