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Enforcement Resources

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Part of the Critical Criminological Perspectives book series (CCRP)

Abstract

This chapter analyses and compares the relationship between the resources available and the enforcement policies used by occupational health and safety (OHS) institutions, and the political mechanisms to distribute these for enforcement activities. This chapter concludes that justice is expensive and that austerity policies leading to the erosion of funds needed for regulatory enforcement activities have caused a decriminalisation of OHS crime and, hence, injustice and inequality. This chapter also raises fundamental questions on whether enforcement institutions should be provided with enough resources to fulfil a constitutional obligation to achieve their statutory goals, such is the case in Italy, or whether these fundamental constitutional principles should not guarantee enforcement institutions' mandates, such is the case in Britain.

Keywords

Occupational health and safety enforcement Resources Funding Funding allocation Non-departmental public body Government Parliament Judiciary Authorita Giudiziaria Ufficiale di Polizia Giudiziaria Codice Penale Codice di Procedura Penale Enforcement Management Model EMM Policy Statement Crown Prosecution Service CPS Pubblico Ministero Public Ministry Italian Constitution Costituzione Italiana Mandate Statutory duty Under-resourced Funding crisis Work-related stress Britain Italy Harm 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social SciencesUniversity of RoehamptonLondonUK

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