Improving Community Integration and Participation

  • Linda K. HaymesEmail author
  • Debra L. Cote
  • Keith Storey


Improving community integration and participation in recreational, physical fitness, and sports is important for the physical and mental health of individuals with mobility limitations. People with disabilities experience barriers to full integration in their community with able-bodied friends, teammates, and athletes. These barriers can be addressed with consideration of facilitators and evidence-based practices. Methods for improving integration and participation include consideration for Universal Design and behavioral strategies. These strategies include goal setting, use of routines, self-management, motivation, choice, self-determination, and systematic instructional methodologies.



US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health


Spinal cord injury


Universal Design for Learning


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda K. Haymes
    • 1
    Email author
  • Debra L. Cote
    • 2
  • Keith Storey
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of EducationTouro University CaliforniaVallejoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Special EducationCal State FullertonFullertonUSA
  3. 3.Juvo Autism and Behavioral Health ServicesBerkeleyUSA

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