A Model of Human Cognitive Biases and Complacency Toward Opportunities for the Disabled

  • David HollarEmail author


Research by Daniel Kahneman and others has demonstrated that people in general tend to predominantly engage in effortless, associational System 1 thinking (i.e., intuition), whereas slower, rule-governed System 2 thinking (i.e., reasoning) offers a higher probability for making correct decisions. This chapter weaves this, our species’ nonrational decision-making “disability” as being problematic for the way that we inefficiently address and advance the rights and full inclusion of people living with mobility and other disabilities. Technological advances continue to help this population, but innovation, cost reduction, and overall societal buy-in to the urgency for access to these technologies and universal access to inclusive exercise and health care require a shift in social/organizational leadership and systems thinking.



Americans with Disabilities Act


Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments


Area under the curve


Électricité de France


Gulonolactone oxidase


Individuals with Disabilities Education Act


Individualized Education Plan


National Center on Health, Physical Activity, and Disability


National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research


Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center


Rehabilitation Research and Training Center


Receiver Operator Characteristic


Spinal cord injury


Traumatic brain injury


Universal design


Universal Design for Learning


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health AdministrationPfeiffer UniversityMisenheimerUSA

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