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A Model of Human Cognitive Biases and Complacency Toward Opportunities for the Disabled

  • David HollarEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Research by Daniel Kahneman and others has demonstrated that people in general tend to predominantly engage in effortless, associational System 1 thinking (i.e., intuition), whereas slower, rule-governed System 2 thinking (i.e., reasoning) offers a higher probability for making correct decisions. This chapter weaves this, our species’ nonrational decision-making “disability” as being problematic for the way that we inefficiently address and advance the rights and full inclusion of people living with mobility and other disabilities. Technological advances continue to help this population, but innovation, cost reduction, and overall societal buy-in to the urgency for access to these technologies and universal access to inclusive exercise and health care require a shift in social/organizational leadership and systems thinking.

Abbreviations

ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act

AIMFREE

Accessibility Instruments Measuring Fitness and Recreation Environments

AUC

Area under the curve

EDF

Électricité de France

GLO

Gulonolactone oxidase

IDEA

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

IEP

Individualized Education Plan

NCHPAD

National Center on Health, Physical Activity, and Disability

NIDILRR

National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research

RERC

Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center

RRTC

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center

ROC

Receiver Operator Characteristic

SCI

Spinal cord injury

TBI

Traumatic brain injury

UD

Universal design

UDL

Universal Design for Learning

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health AdministrationPfeiffer UniversityMisenheimerUSA

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