Advertisement

Distributed Design of Smart Grids for Large-Scalability and Evolution

  • Tomonori SadamotoEmail author
  • Takayuki Ishizaki
  • Jun-ichi ImuraEmail author
Chapter
  • 666 Downloads
Part of the Power Electronics and Power Systems book series (PEPS)

Abstract

Due to the massive complexity and organizational differences of future power grids, the notion of distributed design becomes more significant in a near future. The distributed design is a new notion of system design in which we individually design local subsystems and independently connect each of them to a preexisting system. In this article, we discuss challenges and opportunities for solving problems of the distributed design of smart grids so that they are flexible to incorporate regional and organizational differences, resilient to undesirable incidents, and able to facilitate addition and modifications of grid components.

Keywords

Distributed design Controllability Interoperability Resiliency Power system evolution Plug-and-play capability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by JST CREST Grant Number JPMJCR15K1, Japan.

References

  1. 1.
    National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): NIST Framework and Roadmap for smart grid interoperability standards, Release 3.0 (2014), http://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/SpecialPublications/NIST.SP.1108r3.pdf
  2. 2.
    C. Langbort, J. Delvenne, Distributed design methods for linear quadratic control and their limitations. IEEE Trans. Auto. Control 55(9), 2085–2093 (2010)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N. Sandell, P. Varaiya, M. Athans, M. Safonov, Survey of decentralized control methods for large scale systems. IEEE Trans. Auto. Control 23(2), 108–128 (1978)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Bakule, Decentralized control: an overview. Ann. Rev. Control 32(1), 87–98 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F.L. Lagarrigue, A. Annaswamy, S. Engell, A. Isaksson, P. Khargonekar, R.M. Murray, H. Nijmeijer, T. Samad, D. Tilbury, P. Van den Hof, Systems & control for the future of humanity, research agenda: current and future roles, impact and grand challenges. Ann. Rev. Control 1–64 (2017)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Eftekharnejad, V. Vittal, G.T. Heydt, B. Keel, J. Loehr, Impact of increased penetration of photovoltaic generation on power systems. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 28(2), 893–901 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    B. Tamimi, C. Ca\(\tilde{\rm n}\)izares, K. Bhattacharya, System stability impact of large-scale and distributed solar photovoltaic generation: the case of Ontario, Canada. IEEE Trans. Sustain. Energy 4(3), 680–688 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D. Wei, K. Ji, Resilient industrial control system (RICS): concepts, formulation, metrics, and insights, in Proceedings of International Symposium on Resilient Control Systems (2010), pp. 15–22Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Kundur, N.J. Prabha, M.G. Lauby, Power system stability and control, vol. 7 (New York, McGraw-hill, 1994)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E.V. Larsen, D.A. Swann, Applying power system stabilizers Part ii: performance objectives and tuning concepts. IEEE Trans. Power Apparat. Syst. 3025–3033 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Akhmatov, H. Knudsen, An aggregate model of a grid-connected, large-scale, offshore wind farm for power stability investigationsimportance of windmill mechanical system. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 24(9), 709–717 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    T. Sadamoto, A. Chakrabortty, T. Ishizaki, J. Imura, Retrofit control of wind-integrated power systems. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. (in Press) (2017).  https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2017.2750411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    S. Chandra, D. Gayme, A. Chakrabortty, Time-scale modeling of wind-integrated power systems. IEEE Trans. Power Syst. 31(6), 4712–4721 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C.G. Rieger, D. Gertman, M. McQueen, Resilient control systems: next generation design research, in Proceedings of International Conference on Human System Interactions (2009), pp. 632–636Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. Baros, M. Ilić, Intelligent Balancing Authorities (iBAs) for transient stabilization of large power systems, in PES General Meeting|Conference & Exposition (2014), pp. 1–5Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    T. Ishizaki, T. Sadamoto, J. Imura, H. Sandberg, K.H. Johansson, Retrofit control: localization of controller design and mplementation, Automatica 95, 336–346 (2018)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    D.P. Nedic, I. Dobson, D.S. Kirchen, B.A. Carreras, V.E. Lynch, Criticality in a cascading failure blackout model. Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst. 28(9), 627–633 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Mei, X. Zhang, M. Cao, Power grid complexity (Springer Science & Business Media, 2011)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    K. Urata, M. Inoue, S. Adachi, Passivity-based strategy for constructing large-scale and expanding network systems, in Proceedings of European Control Conference (2015), pp. 3554–3559Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Sadamoto, T. Ishizaki, J. Imura, Hierarchical distributed design of stabilizing controllers for an evolving network system, in Proceedings of Conference on Decision and Control (2015), pp. 3337–3342Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Systems and Control Engineering, School of EngineeringTokyo Institute of Technology, and Japan Science and Technology Agency, CRESTTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations