Heart Failure pp 205-222 | Cite as

Early Postoperative Management

  • Balthasar EberleEmail author
  • Heiko Kaiser
Part of the Cardiovascular Medicine book series (CVM)


Despite progressive shortage of donor organs and higher perioperative risks of recipients, early postoperative mortality of heart transplant recipients has decreased over the decades to about 5% after 30 days [1, 2]. Risk depends not only on recipient and donor age, etiology of heart failure, size mismatch and preoperative condition, but also on the incidence of early postoperative complications [3, 4]. Primary graft failure contributes 2–3%, multiorgan failure 1–2%, infection about 1%, and acute rejection, less than 0.5% [4]. Postoperative care after heart transplantation is basically similar to that after other cardiac surgery. Specific features to be addressed are primary graft failure due to right or left heart dysfunction, complications of extensive surgery and prolonged extracorporeal perfusion, immunosuppression, rejection and infection.


Cardiac transplantation, perioperative Primary graft dysfunction, right ventricular failure Echocardiography Inotropic drugs, vasoactive drugs Intravenous and inhaled vasodilators Nitric oxide, prostanoids Mechanical circulatory support Coagulopathy, respirator weaning, renal dysfunction Infection, immunosuppression 



B. Eberle MD declares no conflict of interest.

H. Kaiser MD declares no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universitätsklinik für Anästhesiologie und SchmerztherapieUniversitätsspital Bern | INSELSPITALBernSwitzerland

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