MIS Approaches for Cervical Spondylotic Disease

  • Mena G. Kerolus
  • Richard G. FesslerEmail author


Cervical spondylotic disease is the most common pathology of the cervical spine. Minimally invasive endoscopic surgery (MIS) was introduced to minimize muscle dissection and soft tissue trauma. Foley et al. introduced the first minimally invasive endoscopic approach for lumbar disc disease; this was later applied to the cervical spine. Minimally invasive approaches for the cervical spine have reduced operative times, blood loss, and duration of hospital stays. MIS posterior cervical laminoforaminotomy and discectomy are well-described surgical techniques for the cervical spine. MIS posterior cervical laminectomy, laminoplasty, and posterior cervical fixation have been described, but not widely used. Finally, MIS transfacet fixation techniques have been developed to provide stability to the cervical spine. In this chapter, we will discuss the evidence for using MIS techniques in the cervical spine and discuss different approaches, surgical techniques, and limitations of MIS techniques when operating on the cervical spine.


Cervical spondylotic disease Minimally invasive endoscopic surgery MIS MIS posterior cervical laminoforaminotomy MIS posterior cervical laminectomy Tissue-sparing posterior cervical transfacet fusion cages 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryRush University Medical CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryRush UniversityChicagoUSA

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