Traditions of Self-Employment and the Entrepreneurial Personality Profile of the Population
- 300 Downloads
We investigate the relationship between a regional tradition of entrepreneurship and the personality profile of the regional population. Based on the Big Five approach of assessing someone’s personality structure we construct an entrepreneurial personality profile. We find a significant relationship between the historical level of self-employment in a region and the presence of people with an entrepreneurial personality profile today. This supports the notion of persistent regional entrepreneurship as an indicator of regional entrepreneurship culture. A pronounced regional culture of entrepreneurship is correlated not only with higher levels of new business formation today, but also with higher levels of innovation activity in terms of patents per population in working age.
KeywordsEntrepreneurship Self-employment New business formation Personality traits Culture Innovation
- Florida R (ed) (2002) The rise of the creative class. Basic Books, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Fritsch M, Obschonka M, Wyrwich M, Gosling SD, Rentfrow PJ, Potter J (2018) Regionale Unterschiede der Verteilung von Personen mit unternehmerischem Persönlichkeitsprofil in Deutschland – Ein Überblick (Regional differences of people with an entrepreneurial personality structure in Germany—an overview). Raumforsch Raumordn 76. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13147-018-0519-2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- John OP, Naumann LP, Soto CJ (2008) Paradigm shift to the integrative Big Five trait taxonomy: history, measurement, and conceptual issues. In: John OP, Robins RW, Pervin LA (eds) Handbook of personality: theory and research, 3rd edn. Guilford Press, New York, pp 114–158Google Scholar
- McCrae RR, Costa PT Jr (2008) The five-factor theory of personality. In: John OP, Robins RW, Pervin LA (eds) Handbook of personality: theory and research, 3rd edn. Guilford Press, New York, pp 159–181Google Scholar