Setting the Stage: Self-Employment and New Business Formation in Germany 1907, 1925 and Today

  • Michael Fritsch
  • Michael Wyrwich
Part of the International Studies in Entrepreneurship book series (ISEN, volume 40)


This chapter begins by giving a brief overview of German history from the beginning of the twentieth century until today. We then introduce and discuss the principal data sources that are used in this book, and offer a comparison between the regional levels of self-employment in the years 1907 and 1925 with levels of new business formation today.


German history Twentieth century Self-employment New business formation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Fritsch
    • 1
  • Michael Wyrwich
    • 2
  1. 1.Friedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.University of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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