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Introduction to Nanomaterials and Polymer Nanocomposite Processing

Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS,volume 277)

Abstract

Polymer nanocomposites are a relatively new class of material containing components with at least one dimension less than 100 nm. This chapter provides an introduction to these polymer nanocomposites and their relationship to microcomposites . The overall “nano-effect” in these advanced composites is briefly discussed. Research and development trends in the field of nanotechnology (including nanocomposites ) are also presented. Finally, the chapter discusses current views on pertinent issues related to nanotechnology , including the environment, safety, health, and ethics.

Keywords

  • Microcomposites
  • Nano-effect
  • Nanotechnology
  • Polymer nanocomposites
  • Safety

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Fig. 1.1

Source Scopus, while the keyword for the search was; “Nanotechnology ”

Fig. 1.2

Reproduced with permission from [28]. Copyright 2016, Springer Verlag

Fig. 1.3

Source Scopus, using the keywords ‘Polymer Nanocomposite”

Fig. 1.4

Reproduced with permission from [34]. Copyright 2014, BCC Research

Scheme 1.1
Fig. 1.5

Reproduced with permission from [36]. Copyright 1996, Wiley-VCH

Fig. 1.6

Reproduced with permission Adopted from [53]. Copyright 2013, American Chemical Society

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Department of Science and Technology and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa, for financial support.

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Correspondence to Vincent Ojijo or Suprakas Sinha Ray .

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Ojijo, V., Sinha Ray, S. (2018). Introduction to Nanomaterials and Polymer Nanocomposite Processing. In: Sinha Ray, S. (eds) Processing of Polymer-based Nanocomposites. Springer Series in Materials Science, vol 277. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-97779-9_1

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